QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS
NIGERIAN PEOPLE AND CULTURE
COMR. PRINCEWILL UDOH
QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS
COMPILED BY COMR. PRINCEWILL UDOH.
NIGERIAN PEOPLE AND CULTURE
- The assumption or the principles under laying Nigerian people and culture is encapsulated in ________Work. Ans: Charles (conceptual and theoretical bases of culture).
- Nigeria consist of three large ethos groups Namely ______ _____ and ______ Ans: (A) The Hausa Fulani in the North (B) The Igbo in the east (C) The Yoruba in the South.
- Historically Nigeria was born in ________ . Ans: 1914
- The Name Nigeria was given by ________________ Ans: Flora show mistress of Lord Lugard.
- The origin of Nigeria, was derived from the inspiration of the __________ Ans: The River Niger
- In ______ year Frederick Lugard was made the British high commissioner of the Northern protectorate Ans: 1900.
- In _________ year the southern and Northern protectorate were amalgamated to become a country. Ans: 1914
- Berlin conference took place in ___________ Ans: 1884 – 1885
- _____________ was the major reason why Americans adopted the blacks as staves and push them to hard labour? Ans: Because the white were not fragile and strong enough to work
- _________ ushered in the decline of the slaves who were subjected into hard labour? Ans: Industrial Revolution
- The British conquest of Nigeria occurred in two phases namely. Ans. (a) The first phase saw the occupation of Lagos in 1951. King Jaja of Opobo was dealt with in this phase for trying to result, similar thing occurred with Nana of met Shekin, who was banished (b) The second conquest Awk place of about 19 century to 1914. And it took place in the northern Nigeria. (the most significant during this phase was the occupation of the Sokoto Caliphate, Borno, TIV, Kano, and Northern Nigeria).
- In _________ Nigeria came to recognize their colonial powers as British colony. Ans: 1900.
- __________ refers to the process of bringing together of the various Nigerian peoples under one administration and political authority.?
Ans: _____ Amalgamation.
- The Lagos colony took place in __________ Ans: 1861
- The first policy of amalgamation manifested in _________ Ans: May, 1906.
- Clifford’s constitution of 1922 introduced __________ Ans: Elective principles.
- The Richards constitution introduced _______ Ans: The creation of regional councils consisting of House of Assembly
- The major provisions of Macpherson’s constitution were as follows Ans: (A) The establishment of a 145 member of the house of Reps. (i) 136 of them elected to represent the legislative council.
- Nigeria got her independent in _________ Ans: 1960
- The final military regime left power on May 29, 1999.
- ________ refers to the body of persons who compose a community tribe, nation, or race. An aggregate of individual forming a whole community, or nation. Ans: people.
- Nigeria has over _____ languages and about ____ different ethnic groups. Ans: 521 languages and 350 ethnic groups.
- _________ refers to a group of people having a common language and cultural values? Ans: Ethnicity.
- ________ is an example of a fused ethic group. Ans: Hausa – Fulani
- Legend traces Hausa – Fulani back to ______ Ans: Canaan, Palestine, Lybia, Mecca and Baghdad.
- Another name for Birni is _________ Ans: Wall Cities.
- Culture comes from the root Latin term _____ meaning _______ Ans: Cultura – meaning to inhabit, cultivate or honour.
- _________ refers to the way of life of the people, their modes of dressing, behavior etc. Ans: Culture.
- The following are the (Jeneks) four main senses through which culture is viewed.
- Culture is seen as a state it minds.,
- Culture is related to idea of civilization.
- Culture is seen as the collective body of arts and intellectual work within any are society.
- The wholes way of life of the people.
- The types of cultures are
- Material culture, (b) Non-Material culture.
- _____________ Culture consist of manmade object? Ans: Material culture
- _________ culture involves mentifact and identronal culture? Ans: Non-material culture
- The following are characteristic of culture.
(a) Culture is manmade, (b). Culture is social (c). Culture is shared (d). Culture is transmissible (e). Culture varies from society to society (f). Culture is super organic
- The following are the element of culture:
i. Customs ii. Beliefs iii. Values iv. Attitudes v. Norms vi. Folkways vii. Mores viii. Rites of passage ix. Sub-culture and x. counter culture
- The major dress of the Hausas is _________ Ans: Babagriga
- The major food of the Hausas is __________ Ans: “Tuwo shinkafa”
- The major dress of the Yoruba is ______ Ans: Sokota and Buba
- The major food of the Yoruba is ______ Ans: Amala
- ______ cloth is very popular in Efik Ans: “Usobo”
- The major food of the Efik is called _____ Ans: “Ekpang Nkukwo”
- Archeologist have found evidence of Neolithic humans who inhabited what is now Nigeria as far back as _____ Ans: 12, 000BC
- Northern Nigeria was based on ______ system Ans: Emirate System (and the power was in the hands of an Emir)
- Emirate was divided into two empires namely _______ Ans: Sokoto and Gwandu
- The _______ appointed by the Emir was to rule and maintain law and order and collected taxes. Ans: Hakimis.
- The law made by the Emir and interpreted by the alkalis was _____ law. Ans: Sharia law
- The following were the kingdoms in the Yoruba empire.
(1) Oyo (2) Egba (3) Ijebu (4) Ife (5) Ijesha (6) Akoko
N/B: Oyo was at the center
N/B: Each Yoruba kingdom was ruled by and Oba, who can be trace to the linkage of Oduduwa.
- In Yoruba kingdom the laws made was called the _________ which must not be violated. Ans: The eewo
- Akwa Ibom State is located in the south south between 40321 and 50331 latitude in the North, and 70251 and 80251 longitudes in the East.
- Akwa Ibom State has _____ state, with population of _____ people and more than _____ people in diaspora Ans: (A) 36 states, (B) 5 million, (C) 10 million
- The Akwa Ibom State capital has over _____ inhabitants.
Ans: Five hundred thousand.
- People of Akwa Ibom State arrived what is called Nigeria in ________
Ans: 1200 – 1500 BC
- The three ethnic groups in Akwa Ibom are ______
Ans: (A) Ibibio (B) Annang (C) Oron.
- Akwa Ibom State like old Calabar region encountered Western education first with the establishment of “Hope Waddel Training Institute” in Calabar in 1895 followed by the Methodist Boys High School (Oron 1905, and Holy Family College Abak (HOFACO).
- Annang fattening rooms portrays beauty and shows that a girl came from a well trained home.
- Annang were believed to have originated from ____ settled in ____ before arriving the present era.
Ans: Egypt and settled in Ghana
- Annang started their migrations from Egypt in _____ 7500BC.
- The Eka Abiakpo clans do not eat turtle, the Afaha people forbade its members from eating the squirrel (Nserise).
- Adiasim and Ukana do not eat python (Asabo) and (Ibom). The people of Ebom in Annang don’t eat Midim (birds), Nto-osung people don’t eat (African Black Bird). Ika don’t eat Anem (Sweet yam) and Nto-Erino people don’t eat river reed. It was seen as a taboo.
- The British regarded the killing of the Annangs by King Jaja of Opobo as a punishment from the Annangs defying his orders and trading in palm oil directly instead of going through the middle man.
- Between 1945 and 1948 about 196 people were killed in Ikot Okoro road in the British crises. (Ikot Okoro police station was set up for this reason).
- ______ is defined as the freedom or absence of war, noise disturbing or disorder.
- ______ is regarded as a disagreement, fierce argument, quarrel, clash between difference aims and interest?
- Conflict is coined from the Latin term _______
Ans: Confligere meaning strike together, fight or struggle
- Quincy Wright defines conflict as opposition among social entities directed against one another.
- Resolution is gotten from a Latin term “Re” meaning “with regards to” and “solution” which means “answer to a problem” Resolution therefore means finding answer to a problem.
- _______ is referred to the study of peace and coined from ________
Ans: Irenology. It is coined from a Latin term “Iren” meaning peace and “Logic” meaning study.
- _____ is a study of human conflict and war?
- _______ was widely regarded as the father or founder and initiator of the systematic study of peace and conflict cases.
Ans: Johan Galtung
- The following are associated with the conflict theories
Ans: (a) Karl Marx
(b) Marx Webster
- The following are the phases of conflicts.
Ans: (a) Latent phase (b) Manifest phase (c) Violent phase (d) Escalation phase (e) Contained phase (f) Mitigated phase (g) The Resolution phase
- _______ Phase of conflict involve a situation where the groups were initially working together but later notice their differences.
Ans: Latent phase
- ______ Phase of conflict occurs when the two parties are away of their differences and yet they make no attempt for resolution?
Ans: Manifest phase
- _______ Phase of conflict involves a situation where caution is thrown to the wind, weapons are deployed fist and ammunition are employed, verbal attacks are used.
Ans: Violent phase
- _______ Phase occurs generally when there is attacks and confrontation leading to killing, maiming, destruction of properties and economic stagnation?
Ans: Escalation phase
- __________ is the phase where conflict has reached its peak and parties begin to be cautions of every move.
Ans: Contained phase
- _______ is the phase where there is no improvement nor the decline of the conflict rather it is suspended and remains the same?
Ans: Mitigated phase
- ______ is the phase where resolution is brought about and the conflict ends?
Ans: The Resolution phase
- ______ Type of conflict occurs when an individual is battling with his emotions, example in a choice of partner, aspiration etc.
Ans: Intra Personal Conflict
- ______ Type of conflict is generated between two individual with different choice and opinion.
Ans: Inter-Personal Conflict
- _______ is a type of conflict generated by differences between individuals in the same group or association.
Ans: Intra Group Conflict
- ________ Conflict involves a clash between two groups or association example: two cult group fighting?
Ans: Inter Group Conflict
- ______ is a type of conflict that involves the different between ethnic group in the country.
Ans: Intra National Conflict
- ______ is a type of conflict which involve a clash between a two or more political independent sovereign nations.
Ans: International Conflict
- Conflict can be classified into ______ and _______
Ans: (a) Violent and Non violent
(b) Structural and non structural
- The following are agent of conflict
- Resources (B) values (C) psychological need
- _____ And _____ are the models of conflict resolution?
Ans: Assertive and Empathic
- The following are principles of conflict resolution
- Diplomacy or compromise
- _________ defines socialization as the process whereby the helpless infant gradually becomes a self-aware, knowledgeable person, skill in the ways of the culture into which he she is born.
- ______ Note the following Sigmund Freud was one of those with the theory of socialization and to him socialization develops from child hood to adult.
- Geary Mead Identified three stages of socialization namely;
(1) The play stage
(2) The game stage
(3) The generalized other state
- PIAGET came up with a theory called “cognitive development theory which has three stages.
(1) Sensory motor
(2) Pre-operational stage
(3) Concrete operational stage
- The following are element of social system
(a) Activity (b) Interaction (c) sentiment.
- The types of marriages are;
(a) Monogamy: Union of one man and one human
(b)Polygamy: Union of more than two persons
(c) Levirate: The wisdom marries the younger brother of her late husband.
(d) Sororate: Here the man (widower) marries the sister of his late wife.
(e)Fraternal Polyandry: A human marries two or more men who are brothers
(f) Sororal Polygamy: A man marries two or more human who are sisters
(g) Cross Cousin Marriage: Here an under son or daughter marries the aunts son daughter.
following are forms of Marriage.
- Ghost marriage: This entails the younger brothers of the dead bachelor marrying the widow and raising children in the name of the late brother.
- Group marriage: This practice involves a group of brothers marrying a number of women as invest and children so raised bear the family name.
- The following are rules of marriage:
(i) Endogamy: Here people must many within their class.
(ii) Exogamy: Here one must marry outside his class or ethnicity.
(iii) Incest Taboo: This is a prohibition of one having sex with his relative daughter or son.
(iv) Eskimo hospitality: This is a situation where one surrenders his wife to his friend for the might who is a visitor.
- Some key marital terms include:
(1) Knocking the door (Nkan Udok)
(2) The asking (Mbip)
(3) Fulfillment of marriage requirement (Mkpo Ndo)
- The following were the formulas used for resources allocation.
Distributive Pool Account (DPA)
(a) Northern Nigeria ________ 40%
(b) Eastern Nigeria _________ 31%
(c) Western Nigeria ________ 24%
(d) Southern Cameroon _____ 5%
Allocation for Mining Revenue
(a) Region of origin __________ 50%
(b) Distributive pool Account __ 30%
(c) Federal Government _______ 20%
N/B: In the vertical & horizontal formula we had
Buhari Administration (1984)
(1) Federal government_________ 55%
(2) State ____________________ 35%
(3) L.G.A ___________________ 10%
Babangida Administration (1990)
(1) Equality of states _________ 40%
(2) Population size __________ 30%
(3) Social Development ______ 10%
(4) Land mass & Terran ______ 10%
(5) Revenue generation _______ 10%
Babangide Administrative (1992)
(1) Federal _______________ 48.5%
(2) The States ____________ 24.0%
(3) L.G.A ______________ 20.0%
(4) Federal Controlled special fund-7.5%